Other links are provided under relevant topics within WorldWideWattle.
The Internet ‘linked sites’ which are listed below are provided for your information, however, we are not responsible for the content of any of these sites. Although we screen all sites before linking to them, web sites and addresses change regularly and you may therefore experience difficulty in accessing some of those listed here.
The following sites are devoted entirely to Acacia.
This very interesting site (constructed by Wolf-Achim Roland) presents useful information and photographs on a range of Acacia species from around the world.
Leon's website presents photographs and information on the cultivation of a range of Wattles from south eastern Queensland.
This beautifully illustrated and informative site provides information on Central American Swollen Thorn Ant Acacias, the Whistling Thorn Acacia of South Africa, Gum Arabic, spiny acacias, seed dispersal by ants, and more. This site is modified from an article by W.P. Armstrong that was published in Zoonooz 71(8): 28-31 (1998).
This site is devoted to the commemoration of Wattle Day (1 September) and contains a range of interesting information and activities concerning Wattle Day and Australian Acacias in general.
An international network of community groups, development workers, tree breeders, researchers, students, and farmers of 2,000 partners in 100 countries with a shared interest in the use of multipurpose trees to improve the soil, protect the environment, and enhance the well-being of farm families and other land users. FACT Net closed in 1999 but Winrock International’s Forestry and Natural Resource Management Program maintains the web site.
Visit this site and conduct a search for Acacia to obtain reports and other documents relating to the utilisation of species of this genus.
Visit this site and conduct a search for Acacia to obtain reports and other documents relating to some commercial prospects, for example, the fodder value of A. saligna, the potential of Acacia for cut flower and foliage production, wattle seed production in low rainfall areas, Acacias as hosts for Quondong production, potential for tannin and fuelwood production of some bipinnate-leaved Acacias, silviculture and management of Blackwood (A. melanoxylon), and more.
The Working Party 2.08.02 of IUFRO is interested in research on nitrogen-fixing genera, particularly those that are suitable for soil stabilization, wind protection, for use on poor soils, wetlands and in dry regions of the world. Research interests include the biology of nitrogen fixation and optimization of growth and adaptability utilizing this property in domesticated species. Many species are multipurpose and important for farm forestry, agroforestry, pulpwood, firewood and charcoal and other products such as fodder for animals. Improvement strategies include propagation strategies, selection for pest resistance, disease resistance, and multiple traits, combined with appropriate silvicultural methods. Among its activities is the publication of newsletter NFT News — Improvement and Culture of Nitrogen Fixing Trees, providing PDF downloads of published papers.
This site provides information for selected Australian and non-Australian Acacia species that may have some utilisation value in tropical grasslands.
Australia’s Virtual Herbarium (AVH)
The AVH is an on-line botanical information resource that allows you to interrogate plant specimen information held in the major Australian herbarium. It provides immediate access to the wealth of data associated with these scientific collections. Six million specimen records, of particular value in displaying geographic distribution (to produce distribution maps in real time), will be enhanced by images, descriptive text and identification tools. To access the AVH visit the Council of Heads of Australian Herbaria website and then select any AVH node (best to choose the node closest to where you live).
Provides industry information relevant to the use of Acacia in the Australian native plant food industry. This site is produced by the ANPFI and funded by Rural Industries Research and Development Corporation.
At this site (which is produced by Purdue University) there is an essay by Lister et al. on the ethnobotany and the potential of Acacia as a human food crop.
Note: See other relevant links under Institutions below. Also see Cultivation under the Worldwidewattle Info Gallery.
The Acacia Page on the ASGP site provides information on the cultivation and propagation of Wattles, along with photographs of a few species, and more.
Australian Plants online is published quarterly by the Association of Societies for Growing Australian Plants, a non-profit organisation dedicated to the growing, conservation, promotion and appreciation of Australian native plants.
Provides detailed information on about 100 commonly grown Australian Acacias.
Description and photograph of this red flower variant of A. leprosa is available on the web.
Information on the propagation of Wattles and a list of species recommended for growing in New South Wales is provided at the ‘WattleWeb’ site is part of ‘PlantNET’ (which is delivered by the Royal Botanic Gardens Sydney).
Leon Steinhardt's website provides useful information and images on the cultivation of a range of Wattles in south eastern Queensland.
Information of seed pre-treatment techniques is provided for a few Acacia species.
Provides detailed information on a number of commonly cultivated Australian Acacias.
An article by Abbie Thomas (Australian Broadcasting Corporation) includes a short list of Winter flowering Wattles, and other information.
Note: Further information on Acacia species identification is provided elsewhere on WorldWideWattle.
An online electronic identification key to the Acacias of New South Wales is provided by ‘WattleWeb’ (which is part of the ‘PlantNET’ website produced by the Royal Botanic Gardens Sydney).
An identification key to the Acacias of South Australia is provided on ‘eFloraSA’ by South Australia’s Plant Biodiversity Centre.
The following institutional sites contain a variety of information of Acacias
The Acacia Page on the ASGP site provides some general information on Wattles (including notes on cultivation and propagation), photographs of a few species, and notes on Wattle Day and the Acacia Study Group.
‘Species Bank’ provides information on some commonly utilised Acacias, including descriptions, photos, distribution maps and notes on their ecology, biology and utilisation.
'Flora of Australia online' aims to provide a uniform description of the plants of Australia, with identification keys, illustrations of most genera and many species and distribution maps of taxa, including the Acacia Volumes 11A and 11B (Mimosaceae). [Not all Volumes have been loaded; consult the Published Volumes link to determine which Families have been loaded.]
A diverse site containing much useful information concerning Wattles and other plants, including information on cultivation, propagation and distribution, along with photographs (National Plant Photographic Index), and more.
Information on the Australian Coat of Arms (features Wattle), Australian National Floral Emblem (Acacia pycnantha), Australian National Colours (green and gold).
Department of the Prime Minister and Cabinet (Australia)
The ‘Its An Honour’ website provides information on the Order of Australia and other medals which feature Wattles.
This site provides a diverse range of information on Acacia (conduct an ‘Acacia’ search from the home page).
‘WattleWeb’ is part of the ‘PlantNET’ website which is delivered by the Royal Botanic Gardens Sydney. It provides a range of information on the Acacias of New South Wales, including species descriptions, identification, cultivation and notes on their ecology.
This site provides useful information on some commercial prospects using Acacias. Use the Search facility (enter ‘Acacia’) to return information the fodder value of A. saligna, the potential of Acacia for cut flower and foliage production, wattle seed production in low rainfall areas, Acacias as hosts for Quandong production, potential for tannin and fuelwood production of some bipinnate-leaved Acacias, silviculture and management of Blackwood (A. melanoxylon), and more.
Note: See links to other topics under Institutions above.
A short article by Abbie Thomas (Australian Broadcasting Corporation) covering some general topics such as: Winter flowering Wattles, Do Acacias cause hay fever, a photo of ‘Scarlet Blaze’ (a rare red-flowering Wattle), and more.
Peter Moulding provides miscellaneous notes on a few species of Acacia and a short discussion of Wattles and hay fever.
The National Library of Australia houses a rich store of musical scores of which the following relate to Acacia and are available on the web: Australian Wattle Blossom for Wattle Day; Wattle Day March, Song and Chorus; The Wattle Song, Australia's Emblem song; Australia's Emblem of Gold, or Our Golden Wattle; Wattle Time (Song Waltz); The Wattle Waltz; When The Wattle Blooms Again (by Nellie Kolle and M.R. Hunter); When The Wattle Blooms Again (by Walter Keene, Edgar Vincent and J.P. Knowles); Where the Golden Wattle Grows; Yellow Wattle (Dedicated to The Australian Soldier); A Bunch of Golden Wattle (A song of Australia); Down By the Wattle Tree; Golden Wattle; The Graceful Swaying Wattle; Just a Spray of Wattle; My Sweet Australian Wattle Girl (Dedicated to 'Miss Australia'); My Wattle Blossom Girl; Only a Spray of Wattle (Words and music composed & arranged by James Goodman, late of Australian Infantry Forces); Wattle Blossom; Wattle Blossom Time in Australia; Wattle Blossom Waltz; Wattle Blossoms; The Graceful Swaying Wattle.
We are indebted to Erica Ryan, Manager, Digital Collections Management Branch of the National Library of Australia for bringing these fascinating historical documents to our attention.
Words to John Williamson's song Cootamundra Wattle. Further information on Cootamundra Wattle (Acacia baileyana) is provided on WorldWideWattle).
IPNI is a database of the names and associated basic bibliographical details of all seed plants. Interrogate this database for any Acacia name worldwide.
Note: See other relevant links under Institutions above.
A few Wattle photographs are provided on the Acacia Page of this site
This site is produced by the Australian National Botanic Gardens provides photographs of Australian plants, including many Wattles.
Leon's website presents photographs of a range of Wattles under cultivation in south eastern Queensland.
National Library of Australia
The National Library holds a particularly fine glass plate black & white portrait of a woman bedecked with Wattle blossom, photographed by Frank Hurley (1885-1962); this image is accessible via the web.
Photographs of indigenous and exotic species of Acacias in Hawaii, including A. auriculiformis, A. farnesiana, A. koa, A. koaia, A. mangium, A. mearnsii, A. melanoxylon, A. podalyriifolia and A. retinodes var. retinodes (Swamp variant).
CSIRO Publishing has produce a number of publications on Wattles which are available for purchase via the web:
- WATTLE: Acacias of Australia. CDROM publication by B.R. Maslin (coordinator) (2001).
- A key to useful Australian acacias for the seasonally dry tropics. By B.R. Maslin and M.W. McDonald (1996)
- Acacia. Flora of Australia volumes 11A and 11B. Editors A.E. Orchard and A.J.G. Wilson (2001)
- Biology of Acacia (special issue of Australian Systematic Botany, vol. 16, no. 1, 2003).
- Edible Wattle Seeds of Southern Australia. A review of species for use in semi-arid regions. By B.R. Maslin, L.A.J. Thomson, M.W. McDonald and S. Hamilton-Brown (1998)
See under Publications above.